Jeffrey Alwine, DO, is a Guthrie orthopedic surgeon who specializes in sports medicine. The Leader caught up with Alwine Thursday to discuss the medical science behind the athletes participating in the Wineglass Marathon this weekend.
There’s been a lot of weather lately for this time of year. If this weather sticks around this weekend for the marathon, what should runners do in order to stay cool?
First thing is, hydration. You definitely want to be hydrated before the race, during the race, and even after the race too. Kind of loose-fitting clothing -- microfiber clothing would help people stay cool as well. Pretty much the most important thing is hydration.
What about getting ready for the race?
So that takes a while. It takes about four or five months to be prepared for a marathon, depending on the runner’s level of experience with running. For a beginner it could be longer, it could be six months. With someone who is a runner, they’ll want to slowly increase their mileage before the race. So if you’re used to running 10-15 miles a week, you’re slowly going to increase your mileage to about 40 miles a week prior to the race so that you’re ready. So that’s not something you go from couch to running, it takes a lot of time and effort, and dedication.
What are some of the most common injuries you see from runners, especially long-distance runners?
Obviously the lower extremity -- hip, knee, tibia and ankle -- and they (include) mostly overuse injuries.
What kind of treatments are there for someone who might get injured?
So for someone that gets injured, the treatments are usually rest, that’s kind of the first thing that we try. Other treatments can be injections. Usually rest and proper footwear too, so change of footwear is easy treatments for runners.
If you had one message for the runners, what would it be?
You’ve worked hard to get to this point. A lot of it is mental too when you run, so just kind of have that finish line in your mind. Kind of stay focused, and just kind of get after it. I know everyone wants to say they ran a marathon -- it’s a big goal and it takes a lot to get there. Just stay hydrated and be focused on that finish line.